Learn HTML by Examples : First Tutorial

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What is HTML?
HTML is a language for describing web pages.
  • HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language
  • HTML is not a programming language, it is a markup language
  • A markup language is a set of markup tags
  • HTML uses markup tags to describe web pages.

HTML markup tags are usually called HTML tags
  • HTML tags are keywords surrounded by angle brackets like <html>
  • HTML tags normally come in pairs like <b> and </b>
  • The first tag in a pair is the start tag, the second tag is the end tag
  • Start and end tags are also called opening tags and closing tags

HTML Documents = Web Pages
  • HTML documents describe web pages
  • HTML documents contain HTML tags and plain text
  • HTML documents are also called web pages
The purpose of a web browser (like Internet Explorer or Firefox) is to read HTML documents and display them as web pages. The browser does not display the HTML tags, but uses the tags to interpret the content of the page:

<h1>My First Heading</h1>

<p>My first paragraph.</p>


Example Explained
  • The text between <html> and </html> describes the web page
  • The text between <body> and </body> is the visible page content
  • The text between <h1> and </h1> is displayed as a heading
  • The text between <p> and </p> is displayed as a paragraph

To Write HTML Code:(Above mentioned)
·         Step 1: Open notepad
·         Step 2: Write the above mentioned code in notepad.
·         Step 3: Save that notepad file with first.html, REMEMBER : .html and .htm is the default extention for html files.
·         Step 4: Now open that file with IE or Firefox or any othe browser and see the output by yourself(Below you can see the output of that html code).

The Output

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